The traditional sun and beach offers in the Cuban geography, supported by extensive coastal areas of white sands and warm waters, are complemented with the option of nature thanks to the unrivaled wealth the island. In that Directorate underlines the Zapata Swamp, one of the most attractive tourist options in the western province of Matanzas, in addition to being the paradise par excellence for lovers of ecology. Beaches of blue waters, exotic woods, rivers, lakes, flooded cave, natural pools, virgin areas and savannas typical of swamp are added to provide shelter to 30 per cent of the indigenous fauna of the greater one of the Antilles.
In effect, this territory is described as the biggest wetland in the region of the insular Caribbean, with tourist attractions related to the nature tourism, beach, sport fishing and diving. In addition, in its geography welcomes 78 species of endemic plants of the island, joined to exponents of the fauna such as crocodiles and birds. Among the species of fish without doubt the most interesting is the manjuarí, virtually a living fossil that only dwells in the Zapata swamp.
Meanwhile, 171 varieties of birds -18 of them endemic to the territory - add to the attractions of the place, linked to the presence of a type of crocodile unique in Cuba, in addition to the manatee, considered one of the jewels of the national fauna. In the area is located Playa Larga, with 400 meters of warm waters, excellent sand, covered by corals and several nature trails for the full enjoyment of a practically virgin nature. Are integrated into the offer the Salinas of developed, where in winter naturalists can observe up to 165 species of birds, in addition to the Cave of the fish, the largest of the archipelago, flooded ideal site for speleo - diving. The Zapata Swamp account with the Lagoon of the Treasure, natural reservoir of fresh water of 900 hectares of mirror and four meters of depth where you live the Golden Trout, species coveted for fishing enthusiasts. In the midst of such water reservoir is located Villa Guama, reproduced in the image of a Taíno village, with huts built on stilts. A dozen of small islands connected by a system of canals and bridges Welcome to the tourist center of Guamá, unique of its kind in the Caribbean by type of construction aboriginal. In this installation, the work of the famous sculptor Rita Longa led to natural scale replica of a village of Tainos, first inhabitants of the greater one of the Antilles, with its settlers in full daily functions and with appearance of having been surprised by the time in their work.
Under these premises, the sustainable development of the tourist activity allows the maximum care of the natural environment, with consequent benefits for those who opt for the programs associated with the environment and ecology.