The Cuban archipelago, which has a strategic location in the Caribbean region, has one-of-a-kind natural, historic and cultural attractions that complement the fast growth of the tourism industry.
In addition to dozens of excellent beaches of white sand and crystal-clear water, Cuba offers its mountains to nature lovers.
Precisely, the highest mountains in Cuba are in the eastern part of the country, where tourists can visit Sierra de la Gran Piedra.
That mountain range was named after one of the most valuable geologic treasures in the eastern province of Santiago de Cuba, Gran Piedra (Big Stone), which is a volcanic rock that is 51 meters long, 25 meters high and 30 meters wide, and weights 63,000 tons.
It is the highest point in the mountain range at 1,225 meters above sea level and is part of the Sierra Maestra Grand National Park.
In that area there is an establishment that provides accommodation at 1,225 meters above sea level, in a privileged natural environment in eastern Cuba.
In addition, the Hotel Club Amigo Marea del Portillo, in Granma province, is located in a cove protected by the Sierra Maestra Mountain Range and surrounded by coconut and palm trees.
Very close to that place are the Desembarco del Granma (Granma Landing) National Park, which was declared a Natural Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the Pico Turquino (Turquino Peak) National Park. The Turquino Peak is Cuba's highest mountain (1,974 meters).
The Caribbean Island has four mountain ranges that cover about 21 percent of the country's territory, 37 percent of which is covered by forests.
In the western part of the country, in Pinar del Río province, is the Guaniguanico Mountain Range, which is made up of Sierra de los Organos and Sierra del Rosario. The highest mountain in Guaniguanico is Pan de Guajaibón (Guajaibón Bread), whose top is 669 meters above sea level.
The Topes de Collantes National Park is the main tourist site in the Guamuaya Mountain Range, also known as Escambray, where the Caburní waterfall is the main attraction.
More than 1,700 plant species, 51 percent of which are endemic, can be found in Cuba's highlands, where 3,000 varieties of mushrooms grow.
Near the Cuban capital is Escaleras de Jaruco, which is located between mountains that form carsic terraces and plains with several caves.
Protected areas, biosphere reserves, swamps, exuberant flora and fauna – which can be watched in their entire magnitude – are available for everyone on specialized trails created for those who visit Cuba looking for the island's natural attractions.