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Cuba: Ecology and Tourism
Date: NOV 24, 2008
Other Reports

The Cuban archipelago, a fast-growing tourist destination in the Caribbean region, complements regular sun and beach programs with the country's traditions, culture and history.

Cuba's natural assets can be found in more than 4,000 keys and islets, where vacationers can enjoy a wide range of options, including bird watching.

Therefore, traditional tourist options are combined with excursions to natural, ecological and biosphere reserves, protected areas and national parks.

Cuban fauna is very diverse and consists of more than 350 species birds that live on islets and keys throughout the country.

In addition, the archipelago's geographic location turns Cuba into a corridor for migratory birds that travel long distances from North America to South America and vice versa.

On the other hand, archeological sites show the life and history of the aborigines who inhabited the island before Spanish colonization more than 500 years ago.

One of the main tourist destinations in Cuba is Havana, whose system of fortress – made up of nine large castles – is one of the most relevant defensive structures in the Spanish-speaking Americas.

In addition, Old Havana, which was declared Humankind's Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), holds more than 100 buildings from the 16th and 17th centuries, and about 200 houses from the 18th century.

The Caribbean Island has more than 260 museums that treasure valuable elements of Cuban history and provide visitors with knowledge of the country's history, culture and traditions, as an alternative to traditional sun and beach options.

Nature enthusiasts can enjoy Cuba's great diversity, especially in the central part of the country, where Villa Clara, Cienfuegos and Sancti Spiritus provinces have a huge potential for ecotourism.

In Villa Clara, tourists can visit the Hanabanilla, the country's only lake surrounded by mountains, into which the rivers Negro, Hanabanilla and Guanayara flow.

The reservoir covers an area of 14.9 square kilometers and is 30-40 meters deep. The lake is 364 meters above sea level and stores 300 million cubic meters of water.

Cuba's natural options also include trails such as El Nicho, which runs parallel to the Hanabanilla River and where travelers can find several waterfalls and enjoy breathtakingly-beautiful landscapes.

There is an underground museum, the only one of its kind in the American continent, in La Maravillosa Cave, where the life of aborigines and human evolution in the region are recreated.

Cabo de San Antonio. View from the Roncali Lighthouse
Guanahacabibes. Landscape
Topes de Collantes
La Represa
Mi Retiro. Topes de Collantes.
La Represa. Topes de Collantes.
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    Cabo de San Antonio. View from the Roncali Lighthouse

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    Cabo de San Antonio. View from the Roncali Lighthouse Guanahacabibes. Landscape Topes de Collantes La Represa Mi Retiro. Topes de Collantes. La Represa. Topes de Collantes. Sundial. Topes de Collantes Guanacahabibes. Palm trees Guanacahabibes. Vegetation Guanahacabibes. Cana palm trees Lookout. Topes de Collantes.
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