The Cuban archipelago, full of attractions for tourism, extends its options beyond traditional sun and beach options to add new elements linked to nature.
Actually, several dozen destinations are identified for this attractive modality for tourism, learning and environmental care.
In general, nature tourism includes a wide range of activities, including bird watching, hiking, programs and circuits, and visits to protected areas, biosphere reserves and Ramsar sites, in addition to horseback riding, camping, visits to peasant farms, agri-tourism, animal husbandry, boat tours and kayaking.
Add to these options are sport fishing, diving, cycle tourism, visits to caves, canopy, air sports, animal-drawn car rides and kite surfing.
On the other hand, the proximity to nature from a beach or city also adds value to the tourist product, supported by the growing interest of visitors in knowing Cuba's reality and enjoying an almost pristine environment that calls for adventure.
The Cuban fauna consists of some 16,500 described species, in a context where some zoological groups show an endemism of more than 90 percent, while the autochthonous flora registers more than 6,300 varieties, in a multicolored panorama and in the most diverse forms.
Natural and biosphere reserves, natural landscapes, national parks and protected areas make up an extensive network of options, marked by the country's natural wealth, excellent preservation and unique characteristics that distinguish Cuba in the region.
The natural wealth of the eastern province of Holguin has gradually positioned that tourist destination as one of the favorites places to practice nature tourism, since there is a unique symbiosis with the patrimonial, cultural and historic attributes, the sun and the famous white sand beaches.
One of the destinations par excellence is Holguin, where the Mensura-Piloto, Pico Cristal and Alejandro de Humboldt national parks are located.
There is the Blue Tank, a cave with a collapsed roof that looks like a natural swimming pool and facilitates the transit to the largest flooded cavern discovered in Cuba.
Vacationers can dive about 20 meters away in an area where stalactites, stalagmites, columns, mantles and vegetation of varied diversity and beauty stand out.
One of the strongholds of this variant is located in the Viñales Valley, in the western province of Pinar del Rio, with its peculiar mogotes, which are vertical wall elevations with rounded tops that sometimes exceed 400 meters in height.
Extensive cavern systems complete the singular attractions in this area, with its greatest exponent in the Santo Tomas Cave, which has more than 45 kilometers of galleries already explored, or the nearly 750 varieties of orchids in Soroa.
Meanwhile, the Caburni waterfall, which is 64 meters high; the Martin Infierno Cave and its stalactite of more than 60 meters, among other attractions, await tourists who visit central Cuba, with the most important mountain system of that area in the Escambray Mountain Range.